1. Schroth method
By using this method we focus on strengthening and lengthening uneven muscle groups around your spinal column. The primary aim when using the Schroth method is to improve posture and spine alignment.
How do we do this?
Exercise therapy is the tool that we as biokineticists use to manage your scoliosis curve and ultimately stop the abnormal curvature form progressing. In the beginning, each new session is monitored by us and you will receive exercises for homework. We show you how to maintain a better posture by teaching you which muscles to activate and which ones to relax. We call this posture correction exercises.
Some of the exercises include external aids or equipment that assists you to perform the exercises in the correct manner. Such as small pillows, exercise balls, therabands or an exercise stick.
Each posture correction exercise has to be practiced by you many times during the session, but also many times at home. Often, we use a mirror so that you can monitor yourself and see how you can change your posture with the exercises. You are taught how to visualize your abnormal posture in to a better posture. How to lengthen or contract your ‘collapsed’ area. Exercise repetition with precision is the key to managing your curve progression.
In addition to the posture correction exercises, we teach you how to change your breathing pattern during the exercises. The breathing assists in the posture correction by allowing additional lengthening to occur. These exercises allows us to teach you a new normal posture. The more you practice this new normal posture, the better your scoliosis curve looks.
Over time, your weak muscles get stronger and your tight muscles more flexible. The imbalances in your spinal muscles is corrected and your spinal curve has improved stability. Your back feels like it can move more freely and without the pain it used to experience. In the end, all these posture correction exercises and repetition of them will help you manage and stop the curve progression.
2. SEAS method
SEAS (Scientific Exercise Approach to Scoliosis) method focuses on specific exercises that require active self-correction techniques. These exercises are performed without any external aids and is incorporated into daily activities.
How do we do this?
We can think of the SEAS method as an extension of the Schroth method. During the Schroth method we teach you how to activate the right muscles in different postures and exercises and how to breathe during these exercises. After you master the activation of the correct muscles, we use many exercises to strengthen your muscles in various ways. We apply similar principles but challenge the body and muscles to a greater extent. Treatment sessions are conducted at least twice a week for 40 – 60 minutes each. Unlike the Schroth method these exercises are mostly performed at home.
Primary goals include:
- Increasing patients awareness of deformity
- Independent 3D self-correction by patient
- Subconscious self correction in daily life postures and tasks
- Spinal stabilisation
- Enhanced posture control – improved look of the body
- Use of exercises in which balance reactions are elicited
- Possible wearing of brace while performing rehabilitation program
- Not focused on repetitive precision of exercises but rather variability of exercises
Ultimately, we aim to reduce the scoliosis curve progression with the exercises, manage pain and posture during everyday activities.