Injuries can be caused by damage to muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones or joints in your legs. Below are links to articles explaining the different types of structures in your legs and the injuries related to them. We’ve also included tips on how to tend to your injury at home!

Most injuries don’t happen in isolation. In most cases, we find 2 to 3 structures at the root of a problem. It’s also common to find more than one injury.

When diagnosing patient problems, we determine the main area which has been damaged and focus our treatment on that. The general progression of problems stems from these underlying structures (generally in this order): 1) Nerves  2) Bones  3) Joints  4) Discs  5) Ligaments  6) Tendons  7) Muscles

Most shin pain is the result of repetitive overuse that ends up overloading the structures such as your bone, muscle and tendons.

Calf pain can come from any of your thigh, calf or shin muscles also your knee and ankle joints. To establish where exactly the calf injury is, can be very helpful at identifying what structure is causing the pain.

Hamstring injury & pain in the hamstring muscles can come from so may different problems, one of them is an injury to the hamstring muscles, but there are so many causes for pain at the back of your thigh.

A Quadriceps Tendinitis or Tendinopathy: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Physiotherapy treatment and why it heals so slow. Tendinitis of the Quadriceps tendon is a condition when the thigh muscles’s tendon become inflamed and irritated. The quadriceps muscles are four large muscles in the front of the thigh just above the knee cap.

A Quadriceps muscle stain is a tear of one of the four thigh muscles. Pulling feeling over the quads or a sharp sting as if someone shot you in the front of the thigh. Quad muscle strain: Vastus Medialis, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Intermedius, Rectus Femoris muscle. Hence the phrase ‘pulled quad’.

Hamstring Muscle Tear: types, treatment, how and where the hamstring tears or pull. 1st to 3rd degree hamstring tears. Torn your hamstring muscles?

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A Hamstring tendinitis is a condition where one of the 3 hamstring tendons are inflamed due to constant irritation from repetitive overload on the tendon. This occurs either at the hamstring tendons that attach to the buttock (sitting bone) or at one of the two distal tendons that attach at the back of the knee. The hamstring tendons must be able to withstand the pulling force when its suddenly loaded.

Thigh pain can come from any of your thigh, buttock, quadriceps or hamstring muscles also your hip, knee and lower back joints. To establish where exactly the thigh pain is, it can be very helpful at identifying what structure that could be causing the pain.

Shin Splints is commonly referred a traction periostitis of the Tibia (Shin bone). Shin pain could be far worse problem like a Tibia Stress fracture. Shin pain can also be caused by an Anterior Compartment Syndrome.

The muscles in the in the limbs are contained within compartments comprised of connective tissue and bone. Increase in pressure within one of these, is known as compartment syndrome.

Though typically associated with being a runners injury. Pain can cause problems for anyone involved in high impact running and jumping activities.

This is a questionnaire that determines the severity of your Achilles tendinopathy. In this questionnaire, the term pain referred specifically to pain in Achilles tendon region.

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Yolanda Gerber Physiotherapist & Medical professional at Well Health Pro


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