Ankle injuries can be caused by damage to muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones or joints. Below are links to articles explaining the different types of structures in your feet and ankles and the injuries related to them. We’ve also included tips on how to tend to your injury at home!

Most injuries don’t happen in isolation. In most cases, we find 2 to 3 structures at the root of a problem. It’s also common to find more than one injury. To illustrate an example: With a twisted ankle we typically find 3 sprained ligaments, 2 muscle injuries, as well as 2 tendon injuries.

When diagnosing patient problems, we determine the main area which has been damaged and focus our treatment on that. The general progression of problems stems from these underlying structures (generally in this order): 1) Nerves  2) Bones  3) Joints  4) Discs  5) Ligaments  6) Tendons  7) Muscles

The foot is a highly detailed and intricate part of the body, with close relationships between the many bones, ligaments, tendons and other soft tissues. A problem in one area of the foot can quickly lead to problems not only elsewhere in the foot, but also the knee, hip and lower back. We don’t simply treat the symptoms, our goal is to identify, address and correct the underlying cause of the problem to get you back on your feet as soon as possible.

Plantar Fasciitis is inflammation of connective tissue in the sole of your arch of your foot.  It’s curable and treatable, but there’s a few things you need to know before you go rolling your foot on an ice bottle. Understanding the triggers and causes can significantly improve your healing time. We provide Plantar Fasciitis treatment that works. Read this article to know Plantar Fascia’s function and how it relates to foot pain.

Achilles tendonitis refers to the inflammation of the Achilles tendon when injured.  Achilles tendinopathy describes the pathology when tendinitis is neglected and becomes chronic. This article explains the pathology of Achilles tendon pain, the difference between Achilles tendonitis and tendinopathy and the treatment that you can expect at Cilliers & Swart Physiotherapy to recover from your Achilles injury.

Most ankle injuries occur from twisting or turning while your weight is on your foot. This causes an ankle sprain. An ankle sprain involves torn ligaments and tendons. The tear can be small or so severe it causes bleeding in the ankle joint. Damage to any of the underlying structures in your ankle (e.g. muscles, tendons or joints) can cause pain. Read this article to learn more about the different structures in the ankle.

An Ankle sprain is where one or more of the ankle ligaments are injured. As much as 85% of ankle sprains are lateral ankle sprain – where one of the three outside ligaments of the ankle is partially or completely torn. Although a common, poor rehabilitation can result in a chronically painful ankle, with reduced function and a high rate of re-injury.

Peroneal tendonitis

Peroneal tendonitis is inflammation around the peroneus longus tendon and the peroneal brevis tendon causing peroneal tendon pain. Peroneal tendonitis leads to instability and pain of the outer ankle that can massively influence your ability to jog, jump, land and move in general.

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Calcaneal bursitis

Also known as heel bursitis, calcaneal bursitis is a common cause of heel pain either at the back of or just underneath your heel bone (calcaneus). Under normal circumstances the bursa can handle pressure and stretching, but if it’s swollen and inflamed even a tiny tap on your heel can cause excruciating pain.

Achilles tendon tear

You’re really not sure if you have strained your Achilles tendon or if you have torn it completely, but you are sure of your pain. This article will help you to understand the difference between a partial Achilles tendon tear and a complete Achilles tendon rupture and what you can do about it.

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