Electrotherapy is the use of electrical current as a form of treatment. Applying electrical energy to your body’s tissues, has therapeutic effects like relieving pain or strengthening muscles. If you’ve ever been to a physiotherapist, chances are you’ve experienced some form of electrotherapy. Anything from a soothing, tingling effect, to a stronger pulling feeling as the electrical currents get to work on your tissues. There are many different types of electrotherapy treatments available, and their use varies widely between different physiotherapists.
Unfortunately, some people get only electrotherapy and nothing else when they see a bad therapist. Whereas the best way to use electrotherapy is to combine it with other forms of treatment for a bigger effect. The skill of using electrotherapy is to know which type to use and when. And that will be different for each person.
Electric current is a stream of charged particles, electrons, moving through a conductive material, like an electrical wire. You need a power source, like a battery, to create this current. The current will then move from one point to another through the wire.
The same can be said of electrotherapy devices. All electrotherapy machines need to be connected to a power source, so that current can move through the wires, towards the electrodes. Electrodes are made to connect to something that does not conduct electric current, like the tissues in your body. Usually, they stick to your skin, and this way the current can move through your skin from one electrode to the other.
Many people think of electrotherapy as being shocked by electricity, but luckily these machines are made to apply the current at a very safe and measurable intensity. Usually, it feels much too comfortable to think of it as shocking yourself.
There are many forms of electrotherapy, like shortwave, shockwave, TENS, microcurrent, electrical stimulation, interferential therapy. Each has different qualities and will feel different. Laser and Ultrasound are often thought of as electrotherapy, but actually they apply light or sound waves to your tissues, not electrical current.
In this article you can read more about TENS, interferential therapy (IFC) and electrical muscle stimulation (EMS). These are the forms of electrotherapy you can expect to get at Well Health Pro, as integrated into your treatment sessions when necessary.
The principle behind electrotherapy, is that applying a low power or energy to the body’s tissues can enhance the natural ability of the body to stimulate, direct and control the healing and restoring processes. It is like aiming to activate your cells, and to stimulate them into a higher activity level. Thus, you are still using the natural resources of your body to do the work, the electrons are merely the catalyst to trigger the change.
By doing this, you can achieve pain relief, stimulate muscle movement and improve tissue healing. And it is a non-invasive form of treatment with little to no side effects. That is why it is used by physiotherapists to treat various musculoskeletal conditions. Our physiotherapists are qualified to provide all forms of electrotherapy and they will be able to adequately determine if it will benefit you.