Shoulder Injuries

You’re invited to browse our catalogue of articles describing common shoulder injuries and how we treat them – from dislocated shoulders to muscle tears. Injuries can be caused by damage to muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones or joints. Below are links to articles explaining the different types of structures in your shoulders and the injuries related to them. We’ve also included tips on how to tend to your injury at home!

Most injuries don’t happen in isolation. In most cases, we find 2 to 3 structures at the root of a problem. It’s also common to find more than one injury. To illustrate an example: With a dislocated shoulder we typically find 3 sprained ligaments, 4 muscle injuries, as well as 2 tendon injuries.

When diagnosing patient problems, we determine the main area which has been damaged and focus our treatment on that. The general progression of problems stems from these underlying structures (generally in this order): 1) Nerves  2) Bones  3) Joints  4) Discs  5) Ligaments  6) Tendons  7) Muscles

Shoulder Pain

Shoulder pain is the feeling of discomfort in the area of your shoulder and upper arm.  You may feel constant pain or feel pain only when moving the shoulder. In this article, we look at the different types of structures in the shoulder, how injury/damage to them causes pain and our treatment of shoulder pain. We find that neck pain can also be present with patients suffering from shoulder pain.

Physiotherapists Pretoria East

Shoulder Muscle Injury  

A shoulder muscle strain can also be called a shoulder muscle tear or a pulled muscle. This article outlines why your muscles ache, symptoms and possible related injuries, how we diagnose shoulder muscle injuries and what you can expect from a treatment session at Cilliers & Swart.

Shoulder Joint Pain 

The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint and because of how freely it can move. It is also the least stable joint. Shoulder joint pain can originate from any of the structures inside and around your shoulder joint – muscles, tendons, bones and ligaments. Read this article to know more about how this type of injury occurs and the different phases of physiotherapy treatments.

Frozen Shoulder

Shoulder Joint Dislocation  

It is a common to dislocate a shoulder joint in a fall – often felt and described as the ‘popping’ out of the shoulder joint. Up to 90% of shoulder joints dislocate to the front and can cause a bulge in the front part of the shoulder. This injury can repeated itself if not properly treated the first time. Read our article covering the types, symptoms and diagnosis of dislocated shoulder joints.

Rotator Cuff Muscle Strain  

The Rotator Cuff muscles are the four most important muscles required for the shoulder joint to function. Not only do the Rotator Cuff muscles provide movement of the shoulder and arm but they also stabilize the whole shoulder joint. Pain when sleeping (laying on the shoulder) and movements happening over-head (e.g. combing your hair) are the first signs of an injury to one of these Rotator Cuff muscles.

Bicep Muscle Tear

The most commonly known muscle of the body. Found in the front of the upper arm, originating from the shoulder and attaching just below the elbow joint. It often starts to ache once you lift an excessively heavy object. Playing an instrument for an extended amount of time (for example violin) can also strain your biceps muscle. Read this article to gain insight into why we shouldn’t take this muscle for granted.

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